This book is a research monograph on modeling the statistical structure of natural photographs as well as an introductory textbook. In the simplest terms possible, "natural images" are pictures taken in our everyday surroundings.

Several statistical models, the parameters of which are calculated from image samples, are used in this book to describe the statistical structure of these networks.

Advanced undergraduate and graduate students as well as researchers in vision science, computational neuroscience, computer vision, and image processing are the intended audiences for the book. People with a background in mathematics can also use it as an introduction to the topic (mathematics, statistics, theoretical physics).

Due to the subject's interdisciplinary nature, the book was written in a way that makes it comprehensible to readers with very various educational backgrounds, including those in physics, computer science, electrical engineering, neuroscience, psychology, and arithmetic.